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Saturday, August 1, 2020 | History

4 edition of Navigation environment of ancient and mediaeval ports of Tamilaham found in the catalog.

Navigation environment of ancient and mediaeval ports of Tamilaham

B. Arunachalam

Navigation environment of ancient and mediaeval ports of Tamilaham

by B. Arunachalam

  • 285 Want to read
  • 24 Currently reading

Published by KW Publishers in New Delhi .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Statementby B. Arunachalam ; assistance B. Sukumar, Ahalya Sukumar.
ContributionsSukumar, B., Sukumar, Ahalya.
The Physical Object
Paginationxiv, 108 p. :
Number of Pages108
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL22692180M
ISBN 108187966785
ISBN 109788187966784
LC Control Number2008324233
OCLC/WorldCa276515452

COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus. Studies in Tamil Literature and History* was first published in by Messrs. Luzac & Co., London. The book went out of print in the beginning of this year. To the earnest student of Indian History and particularly of South Indian History, a deep and critical study of ancient Tamil literature is of the utmost importance. Click here to.

During the early medieval period and medieval period the newly formed ports of Kayal and Periyapattinam played a significant role in the maritime activities. Smaller coastal settlements also were active during this period. The ports of the early historic and medieval period from the south to the north are briefly discussed here. Adiyarkkunelar, a medieval commentator, says that before the floods, those forested and populated lands between the Prahuli and Kumari rivers stretched kavathams, ie for about 1, miles. As observed by Prof.(Dr) M. Sunderam, “The tradition of the loss of a vast continent by deluge of the sea is too strong in the ancient Tamil classics.

This was the personal property of an individual artisan, rather than an inscription set up for public attention. See Karashima, Norobu, “Indian Commercial Activities in Ancient and Medieval Southeast Asia” (Paper delivered at the Conference of the International Association of .   "Medieval floor tiles like this one often wash up and I love how the paw prints capture a moment in time - a dog or cat scarpering across the nearly .


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Navigation environment of ancient and mediaeval ports of Tamilaham by B. Arunachalam Download PDF EPUB FB2

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The economy of the ancient Tamil country (Sangam era: BCE – CE) describes the ancient economy of a region in southern India that mostly covers the present-day states of Tamil Nadu and main economic activities were agriculture, weaving, pearl fishery, manufacturing and construction.

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There are literary, archaeological, epigraphic and numismatic sources of ancient Tamil foremost among these sources is the Sangam literature, generally dated to 5th century BCE to 3rd century poems in Sangam literature contain vivid descriptions of the different aspects of life and society in Tamilakam during this age; scholars agree that, for the most part, these are.

Hessler pictured the first portolan mapmaker at work, methodically working out some way to improve ships’ odds of making it safely from port to port.

He suspected the mapmaker began with one sailor’s notes and sketches from a single voyage, starting at a single port — say, Naples. History and distribution of the Tamil people. The Tamil area in India is a centre of traditional schools of personal religious devotion have long been important in Hinduism, being enshrined in a literature dating back to the 6th century sm and Jainism were widespread among the Tamil, and these religions’ literatures predate the early bhakti literature in the Tamil area.

Two questions in GS(M) (Sangam and Chola) could be directly solved through Class 11 TN State edu. book; TN board books= GK-descriptive coverage similar to Old NCERT, but with more eye candy fonts and photos.

In (new) NCERTs, the Ancient-Medieval history is covered mostly in a random case study and sporadic topics here and there. Butrint (Latin: Buthrōtum; from Ancient Greek: Βουθρωτόν and Βουθρωτός, romanized: Bouthrōtón) was an ancient Greek and later Roman city and bishopric in Epirus.

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Coastal areas have been used as natural roadsteads at least since prehistoric times. In the Oxford English dictionary, a harbor is “a place on the coast where ships may moor in shelter, especially one protected from rough water by piers, jetties, and other artificial structures.”.

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The Irish, in the medieval ages were in possession of more advanced vessels like the Irish curragh. These had wooden frames and a hide covered wicker hull; it is speculated that these ancient ships were fitted with removable masts rigged using primitive sails.

By AD, the famed Viking Long ship was permitted a travel into the Mediterranean. From Hispalis to Ishbiliyya: The Ancient Port of Seville, from the Roman Empire to the End of the Islamic Period (45 BC - AD ) focuses on the history and development of the ancient port of Seville, which is located in the lower Guadalquivir River Basin, Spain.

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If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains * and * are unblocked. Ancient Tamilakam is represented in modern maps by Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Puducherry and, parts of Telungana, Karnataka and northern Sri Lanka.

The history of Tamilakam (South India) is conventionally divided into three distinct periods: Prehistoric, Tamil Sangam Period or Classical Period and Medieval Period. According to Tamil legends, there were three Sangam periods ( .Medieval technology is the technology used in medieval Europe under Christian the Renaissance of the 12th century, medieval Europe saw a radical change in the rate of new inventions, innovations in the ways of managing traditional means of production, and economic growth.

The period saw major technological advances, including the adoption of gunpowder, the invention of vertical.Other articles where Tamilakam is discussed: India: Southern Indian kingdoms: Tamilakam, the abode of the Tamils, was defined in cankam literature as approximately equivalent to the area south of present-day Chennai (Madras).

Tamilakam was divided into 13 nadus (districts), of which the region of Madurai was the most important as the core of the Tamil.